Robot Air Attack Squadron
Bound for Iraq
CHARLES J. HANLEY / AP 15jul2007
Force Capt. Bethany Slack, a Predator pilot, operates an aircraft from a
control center at Balad Air Base, 50 miles north of Baghdad, Iraq
Thursday, June 21, 2007. Photo: Maya Alleruzzo/AP
The first operational MQ-9 Reaper sits on the ramp at Creech Air Force Base, Nev., March 13. The remotely piloted aircraft is larger than the MQ-1 Predator, can carry up to 3,000 pounds of weapons, cruise at 50,000 feet and remain airborne for more than 24 hours. The Reaper is assigned to the 42nd Attack Squadron. (U.S Air Force Photo by Senior Airman Larry E. Reid Jr.)
The airplane is the size of a jet fighter, powered by a turboprop engine, able to fly at 300 mph and reach 50,000 feet. It's outfitted with infrared, laser and radar targeting, and with a ton and a half of guided bombs and missiles.
The Reaper is loaded, but there's no one on board. Its pilot, as it bombs targets in Iraq, will sit at a video console 7,000 miles away in Nevada.
The arrival of these outsized U.S. "hunter-killer" drones, in aviation history's first robot attack squadron, will be a watershed moment even in an Iraq that has seen too many innovative ways to hunt and kill.
That moment, one the Air Force will likely low-key, is expected "soon," says the regional U.S. air commander. How soon? "We're still working that," Lt. Gen. Gary North said in an interview.
The Reaper's first combat deployment is expected in Afghanistan, and senior Air Force officers estimate it will land in Iraq sometime between this fall and next spring. They look forward to it.
"With more Reapers, I could send manned airplanes home," North said.
The Associated Press has learned that the Air Force is building a 400,000-square-foot expansion of the concrete ramp area now used for Predator drones here at Balad, the biggest U.S. air base in Iraq, 50 miles north of Baghdad. That new staging area could be turned over to Reapers.
It's another sign that the Air Force is planning for an extended stay in Iraq, supporting Iraqi government forces in any continuing conflict, even if U.S. ground troops are drawn down in the coming years.
The estimated two dozen or more unmanned MQ-1 Predators now doing surveillance over Iraq, as the 46th Expeditionary Reconnaissance Squadron, have become mainstays of the U.S. war effort, offering round-the-clock airborne "eyes" watching over road convoys, tracking nighttime insurgent movements via infrared sensors, and occasionally unleashing one of their two Hellfire missiles on a target.
From about 36,000 flying hours in 2005, the Predators are expected to log 66,000 hours this year over Iraq and Afghanistan.
The MQ-9 Reaper, when compared with the 1995-vintage Predator, represents a major evolution of the unmanned aerial vehicle, or UAV.
At five tons gross weight, the Reaper is four times heavier than the Predator. Its size — 36 feet long, with a 66-foot wingspan — is comparable to the profile of the Air Force's workhorse A-10 attack plane. It can fly twice as fast and twice as high as the Predator. Most significantly, it carries many more weapons.
While the Predator is armed with two Hellfire missiles, the Reaper can carry 14 of the air-to-ground weapons — or four Hellfires and two 500-pound bombs.
"It's not a recon squadron," Col. Joe Guasella, operations chief for the Central Command's air component, said of the Reapers. "It's an attack squadron, with a lot more kinetic ability."
"Kinetic" — Pentagon argot for destructive power — is what the Air Force had in mind when it christened its newest robot plane with a name associated with death.
"The name Reaper captures the lethal nature of this new weapon system," Gen. T. Michael Moseley, Air Force chief of staff, said in announcing the name last September.
General Atomics of San Diego has built at least nine of the MQ-9s thus far, at a cost of $69 million per set of four aircraft, with ground equipment.
The Air Force's 432nd Wing, a UAV unit formally established on May 1, is to eventually fly 60 Reapers and 160 Predators. The numbers to be assigned to Iraq and Afghanistan will be classified.
The Reaper is expected to be flown as the Predator is — by a two-member team of pilot and sensor operator who work at computer control stations and video screens that display what the UAV "sees." Teams at Balad, housed in a hangar beside the runways, perform the takeoffs and landings, and similar teams at Nevada's Creech Air Force Base, linked to the aircraft via satellite, take over for the long hours of overflying the Iraqi landscape.
American ground troops, equipped with laptops that can download real-time video from UAVs overhead, "want more and more of it," said Maj. Chris Snodgrass, the Predator squadron commander here.
The Reaper's speed will help. "Our problem is speed," Snodgrass said of the 140-mph Predator. "If there are troops in contact, we may not get there fast enough. The Reaper will be faster and fly farther."
The new robot plane is expected to be able to stay aloft for 14 hours fully armed, watching an area and waiting for targets to emerge.
"It's going to bring us flexibility, range, speed and persistence," said regional commander North, "such that I will be able to work lots of areas for a long, long time."
The British also are impressed with the Reaper, and are buying three for deployment in Afghanistan later this year. The Royal Air Force version will stick to the "recon" mission, however — no weapons on board.
Acquisition Agency Helps Deliver
MQ-9 Reaper Ahead of Schedule
LAURA McGOWAN / Air Force Materiel Command 3mar2007
WRIGHT-PATTERSON AIR FORCE BASE, Ohio — The first MQ-9 Reaper touched down at Creech Air Force Base, Nev., March 13. Its arrival, which occurred nearly one year earlier than projected, signals another effort by Aeronautical Systems Center to meet the warfighter's needs.
ASC is the primary acquisition agent responsible for developing, testing, producing, delivering and sustaining the MQ-9 Reaper from cradle to grave. The Reaper is a larger and more capable version of the MQ-1 Predator.
According to Lt. Col. Peter Eide, the MQ-9 program manager who is assigned to the 658th Aeronautical Systems Squadron, the achievement truly was a team effort.
"Program managers orchestrated the effort, with functional support, testers and logisticians playing huge roles," said Colonel Eide.
"Delivery of this first MQ-9 aircraft is for the purposes of training their combat aircrews," the colonel said. "Last year around this time, Gen. Ronald Keys, commander of Air Combat Command, directed his folks to figure out how we could get the MQ-9 out faster than originally planned. So, we worked together with ACC and came up with a way we could field the system a year early."
Added Maj. Steven Peak, ACC's chief of MQ-9 Requirements, "The Reaper is the next leap in Unmanned Aerial Systems, and this delivery will ensure aircrews are trained to support our troops around the world."
The MQ-9 Reaper is a medium-to-high altitude, long-endurance, remotely piloted aircraft system, and its primary mission is that of a persistent hunter-killer against enemy targets, supporting joint force commander objectives. It is designed to go after time-sensitive targets with persistence and precision, destroying or disabling those targets.
Its secondary mission is to act as an intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance asset, providing real-time data to commanders and intelligence specialists.
The aircrew consists of a pilot and a sensor operator who operate from a remote satellite location. While ASC personnel here manage the program, there are other ASC personnel with execution responsibility who are co-located with the contractors at Detachment 3 in San Diego.
$8.3M for One MQ-9 Predator B and Spares
Defense Industry Daily 8aug2006
MQ-1 vs. MQ-9 General Atomics Aeronautical Systems, Inc. in San Diego, CA received an $8.3 million cost-plus-fixed-fee contract for one next-generation MQ-9 Predator B UAV/UCAV to be used in demonstration and operations. The MQ-9 Predator B is a successor to the MQ-1 Predator UAV, designed to carry a larger array of weapons. It is often referred to as a "hunter-killer" UAV, though it is also the base platform for NASA's Altair high-altitude scientific UAV and the Mariner long-range maritime patrol UAV. This contract includes the MQ-9 Predator B craft, as well as ground support equipment, spares kit and system integration.
Work will be performed in San Diego, CA and is expected to be complete in April 2007 – though given General Atomics' unusual "build it and they will come" business model, it may be waiting in storage as we speak. This contract was not competitively procured by the Naval Air Warfare Center Aircraft Division in Patuxent River, MD (N00421-06-C-0024).