Statement by the Prime Minister of
The Redeployment of Ground Self-Defense Force Troops
From Samawah, Iraq
Press Release / Cabinet Secretariat, Government of Japan 20jun2006
[More on Iraq]
TOKYO — The Japanese Government decided today that it will redeploy the Ground Self-defense Force (GSDF) troops that have been engaged in humanitarian and reconstruction activities in Samawah, Iraq since the beginning of 2003, based on the Special Measures Law for Humanitarian and Reconstruction Assistance for Iraq, judging that the objective of the GSDF's activities was now fulfilled. In addition, Japan decided to provide support for the UN's activities and the ongoing activities of the MNF, and has reached a decision to newly provide air-lift support to Baghdad and Erbil. In addition, after the redeployment of the GSDF, Japan will be providing assistance with a focus on the improvement of economic infrastructure through Yen loans, in coordination with the Provincial Reconstruction Teams (PRTs) to be organized by the Multi-National Forces (MNF). The international community has been unified in providing support for Iraq's reconstruction in order to assist the Iraqi people's efforts to reconstruct and rebuild their country. Japan for its part, has been steadily assisting Iraq by combining the contribution by SDF personnel and Official Development Assistance (ODA), as a responsible member of the international community.
With such support by the international community, the Iraqi political process has shown concrete progress. In December last year, the National Assembly elections were conducted. More recently, the new Iraqi Government was established. The process of transferring security responsibility to Iraq is moving forward. As seen in such developments, Iraq has taken the first full step to self-sustained reconstruction under the leadership of a democratic government.
In Al-Muthanna Province two and a half years of efforts by the GSDF troops in a wide range of areas including medical services, water provision and repair work on public infrastructure such as schools and roads, as well as Japanese ODA, have yielded visible results including rehabilitation and improvement of local infrastructure and creation of job opportunities. For example, all residents have gained access to basic medical care. In Samawah Maternity and Children Hospital, post-delivery mortality rate of newborns decreased to about one third of the rate in the first half of 2002. Improvements have been achieved in provision of water and educational environment. On employment, Japanese assistance, including repair work on public facilities by the SDF and job opportunity creation projects through ODA, created a maximum of approximately 6000 job opportunities per day, and a total of 1.56 million job opportunities. Furthermore, with Japanese ODA, construction work has started on a major power plant in Samawah. Once this plant is completed, a leap will be achieved in provision of electricity. In addition, the Government of Japan intends to continue providing reconstruction assistance to this region of Iraq, such as construction of bridges in Samawah, and irrigation projects in Al-Muthanna Province. Such reconstruction assistance projects have lead to high appreciation and confidence by the Iraqi Government and the local people.
It is time that the bilateral relationship between Japan and Iraq be transformed to a broader relationship with stronger political and economic relations. The Government of Japan will endeavor to ensure that the results of Japan's reconstruction assistance provided thus far will take root and will work to foster a broad and long-term partnership with Iraq.
The Iraqi Government fully agrees with Japan's basic policy towards reconstruction assistance for Iraq as mentioned above. The Government of Japan takes this opportunity to express its gratitude to the people and the government of Iraq that have warmly welcomed the GSDF troops as well as the relevant countries that have cooperated with the GSDF in Samawah, including the UK, Australia, the Netherlands and the US.
I ask for the Japanese people's understanding and support concerning the abovementioned decision by the Government of Japan.
- Link to Japanese of this press release
source: http://www.kantei.go.jp/foreign/koizumispeech/2006/06/20danwa_e.html 20jun2006
Japan to withdraw GSDF troops from Iraq
Mainichi Newspapers (Japan) 20jun2006
Japan is set to withdraw its Ground Self-Defense Force (GSDF) troops from Samawah, Iraq, where they are extending humanitarian assistance to the local community, Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi said Tuesday.
He announced the decision at a news conference on Tuesday afternoon after it was officially approved at a meeting of the Security Council of Japan earlier in the day.
"The Iraqi government and local residents highly appreciated the GSDF's activities in Samawah. It's good that they can withdraw amid such gratitude," Koizumi told reporters at his official residence. "The troops have fulfilled a certain mission."
However, he said Air Self-Defense Force troops would continue and even expand their mission to airlift supplies from Kuwait to multinational forces and United Nations personnel in Iraq.
The government decided to pull the GSDF troops out of Iraq after it was announced that the authority to maintain order in areas around Samawah will be handed over from multinational forces to the Iraqi government in July.
Koizumi met with the leader of ruling coalition partner Komeito, Takenori Kanzaki, as well as opposition Social Democratic Party leader Mizuho Fukushima and Japanese Communist Party Chairman Kazuo Shii, and notified them of the decision.
"I'm glad that the troops can pull out without any casualties and without firing a single shot," he was quoted as saying in the meeting.
Defense Agency chief Fukushiro Nukaga ordered the GSDF on Tuesday afternoon to withdraw its troops from Iraq, and the force has immediately begun procedures for withdrawal. The government intends to complete the withdrawal by the end of July. (Mainichi)
source: http://mdn.mainichi-msn.co.jp/national/news/20060620p2a00m0na019000c.html 20jun2006
Chronology of Japan's troop deployment in Iraq
A chronology of Japan's deployment of troops to Iraq:
- July 2003: Japan's parliament passes law allowing military humanitarian dispatch to Iraq.
- Dec. 9, 2003: Cabinet decides to dispatch troops for six months to one year to help reconstruct Iraq.
- Jan. 16, 2004: First unit of Japanese ground troops, a 30-member advance team, leaves for Iraq.
- Feb. 3, 2004: About 80 Japanese soldiers take off from Japan for Iraq, beginning main part of mission.
- April 2004: Kidnappers abduct five Japanese in Iraq in two groups, some kidnappers demand troop withdrawal. Koizumi refuses; all five released unharmed.
- October 2004: Japanese backpacker Shosei Koda, 24, kidnapped and decapitated in Iraq.
- Dec. 9, 2004: Japan's Cabinet extends troop deployment in Iraq for one year.
- May 2005: Militants claimed to have abducted Japanese security manager employed by British company. A later statement said he died of wounds suffered in an ambush.
- Dec. 8, 2005: Japan's Cabinet extends troop deployment in Iraq for one year.
- June 20, 2006: Koizumi announces withdrawal of Japanese ground troops from Iraq. (AP)
source: http://mdn.mainichi-msn.co.jp/national/news/20060620p2a00m0na023000c.html 20jun2006